After years of civil war, Syria is now a country that lies in ruins. Thousands of people have died, millions have fled.
With no end of the war in sight, groups continue to battle for control over large parts of the country.
The Syrian government, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, known as ISIS), Kurdish factions, and several other rebel groups are still fighting for some of the most important parts of the country.
Government troops, supported by Russian war planes, have gained some ground over the past few months, expelling ISIL from Palmyra, Raqqa and other important places.
Meanwhile Kurdish fighters have made gains in the northern part of Syria, reducing the territory under control by ISIL.
Turkish troops also joined the fight against ISIL, expelling the group from the city of Jarablus.
ISIL has not only been losing territory in Syria, but also in Iraq, where the Kurds and the Iraqi Security Forces recently recaptured ISIL’s last stronghold, Mosul.
Source: Al Jazeera and agencies